Physio for skiing injuries – the ACL

ACL surgery

As we hit the end of the ski season, it’s probably fair to say a few people are nursing some knocks and injuries from their time on the slopes. In the next three blogs we look at common skiing injuries and their usual treatments. 

ACL tearACL

The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of the most common skiing injuries we see in clinic.

It’s a ligament inside the knee that runs from the back of bottom of the femur (thigh bone) to the front of the top of the tibia (shin bone). It’s an important stabiliser of the knee and is often injured during twisting movements when skiing.

There are two types of ACL tear and treatment depends on their severity.

  • Grade 1: Often referred to as a sprain where only up to 10% of the total ligament fibres are torn. These generally heal well and you can see a full recovery in a matter of weeks.

It’s important to do strengthening work to reduce the chance of future injury. Some exercises that involve a combination of balance and strengthening should ensure these goals are met, such as this single leg squat. Try to maintain a nice straight line down the outside of the body from the outside of the trunk, down across your hip and knee and to the ankle.

  • Grade II: This is the most common type we see in clinic, accounting for 11-89% of the total ligament fibres torn. At the lower end of the scale conservative treatment (physio) should be adequate.

If there is significant instability, such as your leg giving way or feeling wobbly, then surgery may be required. This animation shows what the surgery involves. Then of course, following surgery, physio will be required as part of the rehab process.

 

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